Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a Pervasive Developmental Disorder where the child faces challenges with speech and, non-verbal communication and socializing. ASD generally occurs in boys more than girls, with a ratio of 4:1 male to female. The symptoms are noticeable during the first three years of the child. Autistic children face difficulty in acknowledging people’s presence around them.
ASD also makes it difficult for them to understand one’s mental state. In a test conducted by Peterson and Siegal (1999), Autistic children and deaf children who could not converse with people about their mental state performed similarly whereas children without Autism and deaf children who could converse with people about their mental state performed better. Autistic children face difficulty in acknowledging people and even when they do, they fail to understand their mental state and treat them as objects.
The symptoms of ASD include.
- Difficulty in Communicating.
- Problem in understanding mental state.
- Issue in acknowledging people’s presence.
- Problems with speech and non-verbal communication.
- Maintaining poor eye-contact.
- Trouble in reading body language.
- Repetitive speech patterns or movements.
- A problem in paying attention.
- Lack of interest in most of the things.
- Facing a problem in expressing their feelings or emotions.
Autism is usually caused due to genes. If a child’s sibling is diagnosed with it , the child is also likely to have Autism. Older parents’ children are also most likely to have Autism. Teens with ASD struggle with day-to-day activities, it could be maintaining hygiene and other things also. People with high IQ also fail in their daily activities.
Autistic Spectrum Disorder treatments depend on the child as every child with ASD is different. ASD treatments include:
Behavioral and communication treatment, Developmental, Individual, and Relationship-Based approach (DIR), Sensory Integration Therapy, and also medications. Currently, there is no medication for ASD but few medications can help the child with similar issues like anxiety, depression, insomnia, stress.
Parents play a major role in the process of controlling ASD but it also needs professional Help.
Parents can help the child by these ways:
- Making the child stick to a diet.
- Help them understand their surroundings.
- Create a friendly atmosphere.
- Be consistent.
- Be attentive.
Though there is no cure for Autistic Spectrum Disorder but it can be controlled up to an extent.